18th century surnames by parish

On this page I’ll be listing the most common surnames in eighteenth century Cornwall, parish by parish, taken from a list of marriages from 1730 to 1780. I’ll try to add a parish each day, but can’t guarantee it.

Why the eighteenth century rather than the more easily available and voluminous nineteenth century censuses? The pattern in the eighteenth century has the advantage of indicating Cornwall’s surname geography before the major migrations of the nineteeth century got going. To recap, the most notable of those were the overseas emigration from the 1840s, the internal movement from west and mid-Cornwall to new mining districts in east Cornwall in the 1840s and 50s and the large-scale migration flows to northern England and south Wales in the 1870s. It goes without saying that it also predates major migration into Cornwall.

Note that small parishes have fewer names so other sources could give us a very different picture.

ST ERTH: Wearn (16); Blight (12); Tremelling (9); Hockin (7); Phillips and Trevascus (6) [Total register entries = 256]
ADVENT: Roberts, Rowe and Scott (2 each) [No.= 42]
ALTARNUN: Coombe, Rowe and Venning (9); Burnard and Herring (8) [No.= 209]
ANTONY: Rogers (7); Bailey, Mitchell and Stephens/Stevens (6); Dawe and Lyne (5) [No.= 414]
BLISLAND: Hoskin/Hoskyn (9); Chapman and Rogers (4); Bate, Harris, Lean, May, Menhenick, Philip and Richards (all 3) [No.= 116]
BOCONNOC: Champion and Roberts (3); Freethy, Gilbert, Hawken, Hitchins, May and Wheeler (2 each) [No.= 62]
BODMIN: Williams (16); Hawke (10); Clymo/Clemo, Cowle and Roberts (8) [No.= 529]
BOTUSFLEMING: Barrett and Rickard (3), Adams, Curtis, Nanscawen, Popplestone, Skin, Walters and Webb (2) [No.= 88]
BOYTON: Bailey and Featherstone (3); Autridge, Gubbin, Spettigue and Westlake (2) [No.= 44]
BRADDOCK: Haley and Harding (5); Broad, Bunt and Crago (4) [No.= 84]
BREAGE: Williams (51); Richards (45); Thomas (37); James and Symons (28) [No.= 793]
BUDOCK: Thomas (18); Medlyn/Medlen (17); Rowe (8): Pellow (7); James, Job, Pascoe and Smith (5) [No.= 379]
CALLINGTON: Bulland/Bullen (8); Burt (7); Treise (6); Slade (5); Beale, Elliott, Nicolson, Phillips and Rowe (4) [No.= 202]
CALSTOCK: Colling/s and Williams (10); Doidge (9); Barrett (7); Cock (6) [No.= 313]
CAMBORNE: Bennetts (43); Hocking/Hockin/Hocken (25); Richards (23); Rowe (20), Vivian (19) [No.= 699]
CARDINHAM: Coppin (9); Harris, Lang and Saunders/Sanders (6), Hocken and Rundle (5) [No.= 165]
COLAN: Solomon (10); Parkyn, Trebilcock, White and Williams (4) [No.= 106]
CONSTANTINE: Roberts (29); Rowe (27); Toy (19); Pascoe (14), Simonds/Symons (9) [No.= 400]
CORNELLY: James (5); Solomon (4); Husband and Teague (3) [No.= 95]
CRANTOCK: Stephens (7); Rillstone (6); Nicholls (5); May and Morrish (4) [No.= 139]
CREED & GRAMPOUND: Harris and Pardew (6); Croggan, Ham, Nancarrow, Watts and Williams (5) [No.= 244]
CROWAN: Williams (31); Rodda (22); Thomas (16); Bosanko and Eustice (12) [No.= 539]
CUBERT: Phillips/Philips (5); Clemow (4); Rickard and Tizzer/Tyzer (3) [No.= 78]
CUBY & TREGONY: Beard (13); Tiller and Williams (8); Thomas and Woolcock (7) [No.= 280]
CURY: Caddy and Williams (6); Thomas (5); James (4) [No.= 125]
DAVIDSTOW: Chapman, Earle and Tucker (4); Blewett, Hoskyn/Hoskin, Parson, Pearse and Pethick (3) [No.= 56]
DULOE: Clemens/Clemence (7); Bowden, Broad, Hamley/Hambly and Trethake (5) [No.= 201]
EGLOSHAYLE: Bray (6); Derry, Marshall, Olver, Strout and Worden (4) [No.= 238]
EGLOSKERRY: Hawke and Pearce (4); Geake and Searle (3) [No.= 80]
ENDELLION: Thomas (11); Guy (13); Brown (10); Bishop and Hambly/Hamley (7) [No.= 35]
FALMOUTH: Williams (29); Pascoe/Pasco (28); Richards (22); Thomas (21); Hocking/Hocken and Rowe (15) [No.= 1468]
FEOCK: Stephens/Stevens (11); Harvey/Harvie (10); Williams (8); Lawrence and Pascoe (7) [No.= 277]
FORRABURY & MINSTER: Gard (8); Keales (5), Hoskyn and James (4); Avery, Martin and Painter (3) [No.= 118]
FOWEY: Redding, Thomas and Williams (5); Cullum (4) [No.= 302]
GERMOE: Richards (9); Williams (6); Carter, Cornish and Harry (4) [No.= 101]
GERRANS: Pascoe (17); Jennings (15); Bennet, Harris and Sawle (10) [No.= 283]
GORRAN: Pill (9); Francis and Oliver (8); Pomery/Pomeroy (7); Cock, Hannah and Hugoe (6) [No.= 261]
GRADE: Harris (7); Oliver and Thomas (6); Pearce and Willey (5) [No.= 92]
GUNWALLOE: James (6); Hendy and Richards (5); Pearce, Thomas and Williams (4) [No.= 98]
GULVAL: Donithorne and Nicholls (12); Eddy, Richards and Rowe (9) [No.= 267]
GWENNAP: Michell/Mitchell (30); Williams (29); Bray (24); Nicolls/Nicholls (21); Bawden (18) [No.= 907]
GWINEAR: Michell/Mitchell (28); Thomas (19); Williams (18); Floyd (15); Pearce (10) [No.= 384]
GWITHIAN: Cock (13); Hockin/Hocking (12); Carthew, Craze, Davey, Luke, Roberts and Thomas (3) [No.= 87]
HELLAND: Blake, Hambly and Lobb (3); 15 other names 2 each [No.= 115]
HELSTON: Williams (21); Thomas (20), Pascoe (17); Richards (16); James (11) [No.= 781]
ILLOGAN: Rogers (24); Richards (22); Thomas (21); Michell/Mitchell (17); Pearce (16) [No.= 655]
SCILLY: Hicks (29); Jenkin/Jenkins (26); Pender and Ellis (17); Nance (16) [No.= 486]
JACOBSTOW: Pearce (7); Hooper (6); Baker and Rowe (5), Burdon and Uglow (4) [No.= 143]
KEA: Stephens (7); Williams (6); Behenna, Crago and Webber (5) [No.= 292]
KENWYN: Roberts (22); Sando/Sandoe (20); Williams (18); James and Northey (17) [No.= 1125]
KILKHAMPTON: Ching (8); Heddon/Heydon (6); Barry, Elliot/Elliott and Osborn/Osborne (5) [No.= 244]
LADOCK: Courtney/Courtenay and Williams (6); James and Thomas (5); Harris, Harvey and Huddy (4) [No.= 213]
LAMORRAN: Bice, May and Penrose (2) [No.= 50]
LANDEWEDNACK: Richards (8); Harvey (5); Michel/Mitchell (4); Roberts and Williams (3) [No.= 57]
LANDRAKE: Roberts (8); Jeffery and Williams (7); Hosking, Parsons and Spiller (4) [No.= 240]
LANDULPH: Barrett and Lee/Leah (9); Sambell/s (8); Scantlebury (5); Bond, Harris, Hodge, Pethen, Prideaux (4) [No.= 176]
LANEAST: Hender and Venning (3); Burnard and Rowe (2) [No.= 42]
LANHYDROCK: George and Woolcock (4); Bennet, Michel/Mitchell and Vague (3) [No.= 64]
LANIVET: Thomas (15); Hambly and Rowe (8); Hocken/Hocking (6); Marshall (5) [No.= 234]
LANLIVERY: Treleaven/Treleven (11); Hill (7); Hick and Littleton (6), Phillips (4) [No.= 214]
LANREATH: Willcock (8); Stephens/Stevens (7); Tamblinson/Tamlinson and Tom/Toms (6); Charke, Harris and Skentlebury (3) [No.= 146]
LANSALLOS: Jasper (10); Pearce/Pearse (8); Langmaid (7); Rowe/Row and Barret/Barrett (6) [No.= 230]
LANTEGLOS BY CAMELFORD: Cock (13); Brown (8); Pope (7); Cook, Cornelius and Davy (6) [No.= 296]
LANTEGLOS BY FOWEY: Cossentine, Hoppin/Hoppen, Jane, May and Wilcock/Willcock (5) [No.= 206]
LAUNCELLS: Gliddon (7); Yeo (5); Row and Hayman (4); Veal (3) [No.= 161]
LAUNCESTON ST MARY: Smith/Smyth (10); Harris and Lane (7); Deacon and Row/Rowe (6) [No.= 493]
LAWHITTON: Holman (6); Langman (4); Geake, Pike and Wise (3) [No.= 93]
LELANT: Uren (27); Stevens (22); Thomas (19); Richards (18); Hosking (16) [No.= 393]
LESNEWTH: Symons and Trink (3); Hambly, Hocken, Jewel, Langman, Marshall and Matthew (2) [No.= 38]
LEWANNICK: Daw/Dawe (11); Cornish, Evans, Jenkin, Sleep and Wills (6) [No.= 163]
LEZANT: Sargent 911); Coomb/Coombe, Gist and Littlejohn (6); Geake and Pellow (5) [No.= 213]
LINKINHORNE: Caunter and Pearse (7); Bartlett, Budge and Chapman (6) [No.= 257]
LISKEARD: Rogers (21); Row/Rowe (12); Stephens (12); Moon (11); Hobling/Hoblyn (9) [No.= 728]
LITTLE PETHERICK: Bray (3), Yates (2) [No.=42]
LOSTWITHIEL: Philp (7); Williams (6); Collins, Haley and Westlake (4) [No.= 244]
LUDGVAN: Thomas (25); Williams (22); Chellew (15); Hosking/Hoskyn and Roberts (14) [No.= 394]
LUXULYAN: Grose (9); Nichols, Roach and Udy (8); Harris (6) [No.= 225]
MABE: Collins/Collings (5); Francis, Halvoso, Medlyn and Rogers (4)) [No.= 91]
MADRON (including Penzance): Thomas (31), Richards (28), Rowe (26), James and Williams (25) [No.= 1406]
MAKER: Oliver (12); Stephens (11); Vallack (10); Couch (9); Matthews (8) [No.= 710]
MANACCAN: Williams (10); John/Johns (6); Roberts (5); Retallack and Saunders (4) [No.= 226]
MARHAMCHURCH: Petherick/Pethick (5); Elliott (4); Box, Ham and Webb (3) [No.= 111]
MAWGAN in MENEAGE: Williams (15); James (9); Hancock (8); Richards and Rogers (7) [No.= 258]
MAWGAN in PYDAR: Benny (8); Dungey and Whitford (6); Hobb and Williams (5) [No.= 159]
MAWNAN: Downing (15); Pascoe (11); Christophers, Harris, Stephens and Thomas (5) [No.= 160]
MENHENIOT: Rowe and Snell (10); Hancock (9); Stephens (7); Hoskin, May, Peters and Williams (5) [No.= 328]
MERTHER: Richards (5); Lilly (4); Mugford (3) [No.= 61]
MEVAGISSEY: Thomas (17); Smith (15); Dunn (14); Ball (13); Robins (11) [No.= 506]
MICHAELSTOW: Hawken and Hocken (4); Brown, Kendal and Symons (3) [No.= 74]
MINSTER: Gard (6); Keales (3); Paynter and Pearce (2) [No.= 61]
MORVAH: Trembath (5); Daniel and Eddy (3); Berriman (2) [No.= 34]
MORVAL: Olver (11); Pearce (5); Hancock, Hicks, Pengelly, Tank (4) [No.= 152]
MORWENSTOW: Vinson (7); Ashton, Cottle, Gay and Gliddon (6) [No.= 217]
MULLION: Mundy, Lawrence and Thomas (7); Harry, James and Johns (6) [No.= 150]
MYLOR: Stephens (12); George, Richards and Thomas (8); Collins and Harvey (5) [No.= 364]
NEWLYN EAST: Harris (11); Glanvil (9); Roberts (8); Trenerry (7); May (6) [No.= 246]
NORTH HILL: Coumbe, Harris and Harvey (7); Bennett and Hawke (6) [No.= 233]
NORTH PETHERWIN: Reed (8); Pearse (7); Gilbert (6); Gregory and Wroath (5) [No.= 227]
NORTH TAMERTON: Furse (4); Bickle, Bridgman and Philp (3) [No.= 79]
OTTERHAM: Jenkin and Moyse (3); Bennett, Greenwood and Turner (2) [No.= 58]
PADSTOW: Martin and Nance (8); Burd (7); Pearse and Williams (6) [No.= 314]
PAUL: Pentreath (26); Richards and Tonkin (22); Harvey (20); Matthews (17) [No.= 634]
PELYNT: Hill (7); Jago and Slade (6); Hawke and Tregenna (5) [No.= 188]
PERRANARWORTHAL: Williams (10); Martin (9); Cornish (7); Spargo and Trengove (6) [No.= 185]
PERRANUTHNOE: Laity and Rowe (8); Richards, Stephens and Symons (6) [No.= 151]
PERRANZABULOE: Michell/Mitchell (18); Richards (11); Bennet (10); Jenkin (10); Harris and May (9) [No.= 532]
PHILLACK: Wearne (12); Mitchell (11); Gilbert (8); Harris, Hockin and Hoskin (7) [No.= 252]
PHILLEIGH: Collett and Davey (6); Bennett and Pascoe (4) [No.= 111]
PILLATON: Cloak (5); Jeffery and Littlejohn (3) [No.= 111]
POUGHILL: Harris, Rowland and Short (4); Cotton (3) [No.= 92]
POUNDSTOCK: Bray and Mark (5); Hacker and Smeeth (4) [No.= 161]
PROBUS: Annear (10); Harris (8); Rowe and Stanaway (6) [No.= 199]
QUETHIOCK: Rogers (10); Garland and Lamerton (6); Bate, Chapman and Doney (4) [No.= 189]
RAME: Spriddell (10); Booth (7); May (5); Langdon, Moor and Vercoe (4) [No.= 210]
REDRUTH: Williams (42); Michell (41); Thomas (31); Johns (23); Cocking (17) [No.= 1,098]
ROCHE: Dyer (21); Cock (16); Stephens (10); Brokenshire and Phillips (9) [No.=236]
RUANLANIHORNE: Thomas (5); Blamey (4); Crocker, Daniel and Stephens (3) [No.= 114]
SANCREED: Hosken (21); Nicholas (10); Ellis (7); Rodda, Rowe and Warren (6) [No.= 218]
SENNEN: Nicholas (13); Humphry (7); Dennis, George, Roberts and Row (6) [No.= 149]
SHEVIOCK: Martin and Warren (4); Baber, Harris, Phillips and Stephens (3) [No.= 140]
SITHNEY: Pascoe (36); Richards (20); Williams (13); James and Thomas (11) [No.= 436]
SOUTH HILL: Bennett (7); Grills (4); Lawrence, Nicholson, Sheer, Symons and Trehane (3) [No.= 134]
SOUTH PETHERWIN: Batten (7); Harvey and Roose (6); Congdon (5); Hawke and Mitchell (4) [No.= 211]
ST AGNES: Tonkin (24); Martin (21); Williams (20); Paul (19); James (18) [No.= 727]
ST ALLEN: James and Jory (7); Harris (5); Charles (4); Battin (3) [No.= 137]
ST ANTHONY IN MENEAGE: Williams (6); John, Nicholls, Retallack and Saunders (3) [No.= 91]
ST ANTHONY IN ROSELAND: Oxenbury (2) [No.= 31]
ST AUSTELL: Stephens (28); Williams (21); Hancock (19); Rosevear (17); Hore and Thomas (15) [No.= 945]
ST BLAZEY: Baker, Beale, Eliot, Geach, Giles and Rundle (3) [No.= 99]
ST BREOCK: Buscombe (8); Key (7); Martin and Williams (6); Brabyn, Carne and Warne (5) [No.= 255]
ST BREWARD: Greenway and Hawken (5); Matthews (4) [No.= 88]
ST BURYAN: Richards and Williams (12); Nicholas and Tonkin (9); Thomas (8) [No.= 292]
ST CLEER: Kingdon and Sibly (7); Lyne, Mildren and Rowe (6) [No.= 272]
ST CLEMENT: Allen (10); James (8); Tregaskis (7); Cock, May and Thomas (5) [No.= 300]
ST CLETHER: Venning (4); Thomas and Edgcombe (2) [No.=35]
ST COLUMB MAJOR: Stephens (9); Brewer and Rowe (7); Buckingham, Cornish, Grigg, Harris, Mitchell and Williams (6) [No.= 444]
ST COLUMB MINOR: Ellery (10); Martyn (9); Stephens (8); Whitford and Williams (7) [No.= 309]
ST DENNIS: Osbourne (7); Brokenshire, Cundy and Grigg (6); Best (5) [No.=132]
ST DOMINICK: Bennett and Martyn (6); Fletcher (5); Brent, Cowle, Prout and Smith (4) [No.= 153]
St ENODER: Williams (8); May (7); Francis, Hooper, Jenkyn and Martyn (6) [No.=242]
ST ERME: Richards and Roberts (4); Carveth and Casier (3) (No.=101]

The next parish will be St Ervan

2 thoughts on “18th century surnames by parish

  1. Interesting that surnames familiar to us in Wales – Thomas, Richards etc – appear so frequently. Any hypothesis? Maybe imposition of the same system of surnames by an alien government rather than migration?

    • Not sure it was explicit state imposition but it was a very similar process. It’s easily explained by the lateness of hereditary surnames in west and mid Cornwall. As in Wales this was because of the presence of a Celtic language and meant that surnames wre coined from a relatively small number of male first names, thus producing lots of patronymics.

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